Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia
We will seeing Brataislava as a day trip from Vienna. Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia, and it also sits on the Danube River. It was bacj un 1563 when Hungary was under the control of the Ottoman Turks, that the coronation of the new King of Hungary was moved to Bratislava. The next ten kins and eight royal consols were all crowned here.
If arriving by train, there are two railway stations: the Main Station and Petržalka.
Hlavné nám (Main Sq). Roland Fountain, at the square's heart, is thought to have been built in 1572 as a public water supply. Flanking the northeast side of the square is the 14th-century Old Town Hall, home to the Municipal Museum.
The three-nave Gothic cathedral is built on the site of a previous, Romanesque church, dedicated to the Holy Saviour, from 1221. After 1291, when Bratislava was given the privileges of a town, the church was rebuilt to become part of the city walls (its tower served as a defensive bastion). The present church was consecrated in 1452.
The large interior – 69.37 metres long, 22.85 metres wide and 16.02 metres high – and features a grand internal divided portal with a preserved tympanum and a relief of the Holy Trinity. There are four chapels: the canons’ chapel; the Gothic chapel of Sophia of Bavaria, widow of the Czech King Wenceslas IV; the chapel of St Anne; and the baroque chapel of St John the Merciful. The portal of the southern antechamber represents the oldest example of Renaissance architecture in Slovakia.
Between 1563 and 1830 St Martin’s was the coronation church for Hungarian kings and their consort. Thre is a 300-kg gilded replica of the Hungarian royal crown perched on the top of the cathedral’s 85-metre-tall neo-Gothic tower. There is a reconstruction of the ceremony that takes place each September.
A large square in shades of white with four stocky towers, bold Bratislava Castle looks as though it has been transplanted straight from a children's picturebook. It dates to the 9th century. Today the castle was rebuilt in1960s rebuild in Renaissance style; the castle had lain in ruins after a fire in 1811. Highlights are climbing the Crown Tower for views over Bratislava,
The Town Hall is a complex of three buildings erected in the 14th–15th centuries and now hosts the Bratislava City Museum. Michael's Gate is the only gate that has been preserved from the medieval fortifications, and it ranks among the oldest of the town's buildings. Near the Town Hall is the narrowest house in Europe. The historic centre is characterized by many baroque palaces.
© Glenn & Karen Marcus
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